In this piece the term "Kyorei" is a suffix. "Shimotsuke" is a location name and it is not known from which temple this piece originated. However, it was transmitted by Shu Kyoku at Ichigetsu-Ji Temple in exchange for the piece "Yugure No Kyoku".
"Kyorei" (Empty Spirit) appears as part of a title in many pieces of traditional shakuhachi music. It reminds us of the Buddhist concept of "Emptiness" (Sanskrit, Shunyata). The Madhyamika-karika says "What is dependent co-arising we call emptiness" and the popular Heart Sutra explains that "Form is emptiness and that very emptiness is form." This piece originated in the old Shimotsuke province (current Tochigi prefecture), north of Tokyo.