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国際尺八協会

【ジャンル別一覧】 Koten

Old Honkyoku

全曲本曲現代本曲地唄箏曲新曲現代音楽民謡雅楽年代順

A B C D E G H I J K M N O R S T U Y Z Ô

Shakuhachi Music

In spite of its simple construction and specific nature of music, the instrument often charms western music lovers. The Shakuhachi is an end blown bamboo flute with four holes on the front and one on the back. The standard length of 1.8 Japanese feet (54.5 cm) is found in the name of the instrument -shaku-foot and hachi-eight.

In the Nara Period, there was an end blown flute called Shakuhachi, but it had six finger-holes, five on the front and one on the back. This was introduced from China and then disappeared in the Heian Period. In the Muromachi Period, another end blown bamboo flute from China, called hsiao, was brought to Japan and modified into the Hitoyogiri, literally meaning one joint bamboo. This is a smaller flute, 1.1 feet (33.3 cm) in length with five finger-holes. This was first favored by mendicant friars and later became in fashion among the lower class Samurai and merchants.

In the beginning of the Edo Period itinerant Buddhist priests (Komuso) of the Fuke sect who were employed by Samurai began to use a 1.8 feet long Shakuhachi for their mendicancy. This was called the Fuke Shakuhachi.

A retired Samurai, Kurosawa Kinko (1710-1771), who was the teacher at a temple of the sect, established a style of art music on the instrument by composing new pieces based upon the repertoire of the Fuke Shakuhachi.

At the end of the Edo Period musicians of the Kinko school began to participate in the ensemble of Koto music, taking the place of the Kokyu, together with the Koto and Shamisen. The repertoire of the original solo pieces of the Kinko school is called Honkyoku (original pieces) while the repertoire of Koto pieces in which the Shakuhachi participates is called Gaikyoku (outside pieces).

Since the Shakuhachi was played with the Koto it became fashionable with men of every social class and in the middle of the Meiji Era (1896), Nakao Tozan established another school. Today the Kinko and Tozan schools dominate the Shakuhachi music, while the Fuke Shakuhachi declined since the Fuke sect was abolished by the Meiji government in 1871, when the organization for protection of blind Koto musicians, called Shokuyashiki, was also abolished.

The instrument is made from the lowest section of the bamboo. The average diameter of the pipe is 4-5 cm, and the inside of the pipe is almost cylindrical. The length varies according to the pitch of the ensemble of Koto and Shamisen. A difference of 3 cm renders a half tone. The standard length of 1.8 (Japanese feet) or 54.5 cm is used for solo pieces and the pitch of the open pipe, d, is regarded as the standard pitch. Five finger-holes, four in front and one on the back, give the following six tones in the standard pipe, d (closed), f, g, a, c, d'. By various fingerings, half holing, and controlling the angle of the mouthpiece against the lip, all of the twelve tones can be produced. The mouthpiece at the top of the pipe is made by cutting the edge diagonally toward the outside.

This type of mouthpiece makes it possible for the player to control the pitch by changing the angle, which in turn produces a delicate change in intonation not possible on a Western recorder (Blockflote) having a whistle type of mouthpiece.

As well as the delicate changing of intonation and various kinds of portamento, the noise of blowing on the edge of the mouthpiece creates an artistic effect. Of course the mellow timbre of the rather thick bamboo pipe is the basic characteristic of the instrument. To give the best possible sound the inside of the instrument is carefully lacquered, as in the case of the transverse flutes of Gagaku and Noh.

The musical form of solo pieces (Honkyoku) does not show fixed forms. Different melodic lines are placed in a row. Many stereotyped intervallic units occur here and there.

The more important musical element is free rhythm. There is no piece of Honkyoku that is written in fixed rhythm. The basic mode is the In-mode, the most common mode of Shamisen and Koto music.

The Honkyoku pieces of the Fuke sect (30 to 40 pieces) are based on the religious ideas of Zen Buddhism. Honkyoku of the Kinko School took over the repertoire of the Fuke Shakuhachi, but modified into a more artistic style. Then, too, new compositions not religious in nature were added to the repertoire of the Kinko-ryu Honkyoku (36 pieces).

By Dr. Shigeo Kishibe

A
Aji no Kyoku
Ajikan (Itchoken)
阿字観
Akebono no Shirabe
曙の調
Akebono no Shirabe (Taizan Ha)
曙の調
Akebono Sugagaki
曙菅垣
Akita
秋田
Akita Sugagaki (Chikuho Ryu)
秋田菅掻
Akita Sugagaki (Fudaiji)
秋田菅垣
Akita Sugagaki (Kinko Ryu)
秋田菅垣
Akita Sugagaki (Taizan Ha)
Akita no Kyoku
秋田菅垣
Ashi no Shirabe
芦の調
Ashihara Reibo
Asuka Reibo (Taizan Ha)
飛鳥鈴慕
Azuma Jishi (Taizan Ha)
Hirukara
吾妻獅子
Azuma no Kyoku (Itchoken)
吾妻の曲
Azuma no Kyoku (Kinko Ryu)
吾妻の曲
Azuma no Kyoku (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
吾妻の曲
B
Banji
鑁字
Banshiki (Don't know which version)
盤渉
Banshiki (Itchoken)
盤渉
Banshiki Cho
盤渉調
C
Chikugo Sashi
Rinseiken Chikugo Sashi
筑後薩字
Chikushi Reibo
筑紫鈴慕
Chikuzen Sashi (Itchoken)
Choshi (Don't know which version)
調子
Choshi (Fudaiji)
調子
Choshi (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
Kyo Choshi, Choshi (Kyoto Meianji), Honshirabe (Shinpu Ryu), Honte Joshi (Shimpo Ryu)
調子
Choshi (Taizan Ha)
Shirabe (Meian), Honte Choshi
調子
Chôshi (Chikuho Ryu)
調子
Chôshi (Yamato)
調子 (大和)
D
Daha
打波
Dai Ni Kangetsu no Kyoku
Dako no Kyoku
Daha no Kyoku
打鼓の曲
Darani
San'ya no Kyoku (Shinpo Ryu), Kyoto Myoanji Darani, Konpon Darani, San'ya-kyoku
陀羅尼
E
Ekoh
回向
G
Ginryu Koku
吟龍虚空
Ginryu Koku (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
吟龍虚空
Godan Reiho Nagashi
Gyô Kokû
行虚空
Gyô Kyorei
行虚霊
Gyô Mukaiji
行霧海箎
H
Hachigaeshi (Don't know which version)
鉢返
Hachigaeshi (Echigo)
鉢返 (越後)
Hachigaeshi (Ichigetsuji)
鉢返
Hachigaeshi (Nezasa Ha)
鉢返 (根笹)
Hachigaeshi (Taizan Ha)
鉢返
Hachigaeshi no Shirabe (Taizan Ha)
鉢返の調
Hi Fu Mi Cho (Taizan Ha)
一二三調
Hi Fu Mi Hachigaeshi no Shirabe (Kinko Ryu)
一二三鉢返の調
Hi Fu Mi no Shirabe (Don't know which version)
一二三の調
Hi Kyo Chou
秘虚調
Higo Sashi
Chikushi Reibo
Hime Matsuri
Ho Rai
蓬莱
Hokkoku Reibo
Toppikipi
北国鈴慕
Hon Shirabe
Watazumi no Shirabe?
本調
Honte Shirabe
Honte Choshi
本手調子
Hoshosu
鳳将雛
Hôkyô Kokû
鳳叫虚空
I
Ifu Sashi
Igusa no Kyoku
葦草の曲
Igusa Reibo
葦草鈴慕
Iyo Renbo
伊予恋慕
Izu no Kyoku
Izu Reibo
伊豆鈴慕
Izumo Reiho
J
Jokan Shirabe
K
Kadozuke (Nezasa Ha)
門附 (根笹)
Kaikoge Onritsu no Kyoku
Kakusui Reiho
覚睡鈴
Kangetsu no Kyoku
Kanshinji
Kinsan Kyorei
琴三虚霊
Kinuta Sugomori
砧巣籠
Kitaguni Reiho
Kocho no Kyoku
Koden Sugomori
Godan Sugomori, Koten Sugomori
古伝巣籠
Kokû (Chikuho Ryu)
虚空
Kokû (Dokyoku)
虚空
Kokû (Don't know which version)
虚空
Kokû (Fudaiji)
虚空
Kokû (Itchoken)
虚空
Kokû (Nezasa Ha)
虚空 (根笹)
Kokû (Seien Ryu)
虚空
Kokû (Taizan Ha)
虚空
Kokû Reibo
虚空鈴慕
Kokû Reibo (Ikkan Ryu)
虚空替手 (一関流)
Koro Sugagaki (Chikuho Ryu)
転菅掻
Koro Sugagaki (Kinko Ryu)
転菅垣
Koro Sugagaki (Taizan Ha)
転菅垣
Kosho Koku
虎嘯虚空
Koto Sugagaki
箏菅垣
Kotobuki no Shirabe
寿の調
Kotoji no Kyoku
琴柱の曲
Kumoi Jishi
Akebono Jishi
雲井獅子
Kumoi Jishi (Itchoken)
Niagari Jishi
雲井獅子
Kumoi Jishi (Taizan Ha)
Kumoi no Kyoku
雲井獅子
Kumoi Netori
Kuyo no Kyoku
Kyo Reibo
京鈴慕
Kyokei no Onkyoku
Kyorei (Chikuho Ryu)
虚鈴
Kyorei (Don't know which version)
虚鈴
Kyorei (Fudaiji)
虚鈴
Kyorei (Seien Ryu)
虚鈴
Kyorei (Taizan Ha)
虚鈴
Kyotaku
Hotaku
鳳鐸
Kyushu Reibo (Itchoken)
九州鈴慕
Kyushu Reibo (Kinko Ryu)
九州鈴慕
Kyushu Reibo (Taizan Ha)
九州鈴慕
Kyûshû no Kyoku
旧州の曲
Kyûshû Reibo (Chikuho Ryu)
九州鈴慕
M
Matsu no Kyoku
松の曲
Matsukaze (Nezasa Ha)
松風 (根笹)
Matsukaze no Shirabe
松風の調
Matsukaze Urajoshi
松風 (裏調子)
Meguro Jishi
目黒獅子
Miyagi Reibo
宮城野鈴慕
Monbiraki
門閲
Monkai no Kyoku
Kado Biraki
門開の曲
Muchu no Kyoku
Mukaiji (Don't know which version)
霧海箎
Mukaiji (Fudaiji)
霧海箎
Mukaiji (Seien Ryu)
霧海箎
Mukaiji (Taizan Ha)
霧海箎
Mukaiji Reibo
霧海箎鈴慕
Mukakoku
Murasaki Reibo
Murasakino no Kyoku (Tokuyama)?, Shrinpo
紫鈴慕
Musho Sugagaki
Mutsu Reibo
陸奥鈴慕
N
Nagashi Reibo
流鈴慕
Namima Reibo
波間鈴慕
Nankô Fushi Sôbetsu no Kyoku
楠公父子双別曲
Ni Agari Netori
Nidan Sugagaki
O
Oshu Reibo (Futaiken)
奥州鈴慕 (布袋軒)
Oshû Nagashi
奥州流
R
Reibo (Dokyoku)
霊慕
Reibo (Don't know which version)
霊慕
Reibo (Echigo)
Kitaguni Reibo
霊慕 (越後)
Reibo (Futaiken)
霊慕 (布袋軒)
Reibo (Sada)
霊慕
Reibo (Seien Ryu)
霊慕
Reibo (Shôganken)
Miyagi Reibo, Sendai Reibo, Oshu Reibo, Furin
霊慕 (松巌軒)
Reibo Maebuki
Reibo Nagashi
鈴慕流
Reibo no Kyoku
霊慕の曲
Renbo Nagashi
恋慕流
Renbo Nagashi (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
恋慕流
Rinzetsu no Kyoku
三十絃による輪舌の曲
Rokudan (Ikkan Ryu)
六段
Rokudan Jishi
六段獅子
Ryûgin Kokû (Taizan Ha)
龍吟虚空
S
Sagari Ha (Don't know which version)
下り葉
Sagari Ha (Kansai)
下り葉
Sagari Ha (Nezasa Ha)
下り葉 (根笹)
Sagari Ha (Oshu)
下り葉 (奥州)
Sagari Ha no Kyoku
下り葉の曲
Sagari Ha no Kyoku (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
下り葉の曲
Sagari Ha Urajoshi
下り葉 (裏調子)
Saji
薩慈
Sakai Jishi (Kinko Ryu)
栄獅子
Sakai Jishi (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
栄獅子
Sakai Jishi (Taizan Ha)
栄獅子
San'an
Shunza
産安
San'ya (Chikuho Ryu)
三谷
San'ya (Dokyoku)
三谷
San'ya (Don't know which version)
三谷
San'ya (Echigo - Betsuden)
三谷 (越後)
San'ya (Echigo)
Echigo Myoanji San'ya
三谷 (越後)
San'ya (Fudaiji)
三谷
San'ya (Futaiken)
鈴慕 (布袋軒)
San'ya (Jinbo)
神保三谷
San'ya (Oshu)
奥州三谷
San'ya (Sada)
三谷
San'ya (Seien Ryu)
三谷
San'ya (Taizan Ha)
三谷
San'ya (Yama-Tani)
山谷
San'ya no Kyoku
三谷の曲
San'ya no Kyoku (Ueda Ryu)
三谷
San'ya Seiran
San'ya Sugagaki (Nezasa Ha)
三谷清攬
San'ya Sugagaki
三谷菅垣
Sandan Sugagaki
三段菅垣
Sankara Sugagaki
讃加羅菅垣
Sashi (Itchoken)
Sayama Sugagaki
佐山菅垣
Shika no Tône (Chikuho Ryu)
鹿の遠音
Shika no Tône (Don't know which version)
鹿の遠音
Shika no Tône (Kinko Ryû)
鹿の遠音
Shika no Tône (Myoan Shinpo Ryû)
鹿の遠音
Shika no Tône (Taizan Ha)
鹿の遠音
Shika no Tône (Ueda Ryû)
鹿の遠音
Shimotsuke Kyorei
下野虚霊
Shin Koku
真虚空
Shin Kyorei
真虚霊
Shin Kyorei (Don't know which version)
真虚霊
Shin Kyorei (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
真虚霊
Shin Mukaiji
真霧海箎
Shin Tsuki no Kyoku
新月の曲
Shin'ya
深夜
Shingetsu
心月
Shinseki Reiho
Shinshichi Saji
新七薩慈
Shirabe (Nezasa Ha)
調 (根笹)
Shirabe Urajoshi
調 (裏調子)
Shishi
獅子
Shishi Odori
Shishi no Kyoku
Shizu
志図
Shizu no Kyoku
志図の曲
Shizu no Kyoku (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
志図の曲
Shizu no Kyoku (Seien Ryu)
志図の曲
Shokomon
Shura
修羅曲
Sokaku
巣鶴
Sokaku Reibo
Tsuru No Sugomori
巣鶴鈴慕
Sokaku Reibo (Ueda Ryu)
巣鶴
Sokkan
息観
Somaku Sha
Sugagaki
菅垣
Suzuru
巣鶴
Sô Kokû
艸虚空
Sô Kyorei
艸虚鈴
Sô Mukaiji
艸霧海じ
T
Taihei Manzai Raku
太平万才楽
Taki Ochi (Fudaiji)
滝落
Taki Ochi (Ryogenji)
滝落
Taki Ochi (Taizan Ha)
滝落
Taki Ochi no Kyoku
滝落の曲
Taki Ochi no Kyoku (Seien Ryu)
滝落の曲
Taki Otoshi no Kyoku
瀧落の曲
Tamuke
手向
Tasogare no Kyoku
Tehodoki Reiho
手解鈴法
Toppiki

Toyo no Akita
Akita no Kyoku
Tsuki no Kyoku
月の曲
Tsuki no Kyoku (Ueda Ryu)
月の曲
Tsukushi Reibo
筑紫鈴慕
Tsuru no Sugomori (Dokyoku)
Suzuru
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Don't know which version)
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Fudaiji)
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Futaiken)
鶴の巣籠 (布袋軒)
Tsuru no Sugomori (Kinko-ryu)
The Nesting of Cranes
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Nezasa Ha)
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Renpoken)
San'ya Sugomori, Kisenken Hikyoku Tsuru no Sugomori?
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Seien Ryu)
鶴の巣籠
Tsuru no Sugomori (Taizan Ha)
鶴の巣籠
Tôri
通里
U
Uchikae Kyorei
打替虚霊
Ukigumo
浮雲
Y
Yachio Sugomori
八千代巣籠
Yamagoe (aka Reiho)
Reiho
鈴法
Yobi Dake - Uke Dake
呼竹受竹(吹禅)
Yoshitsune Reibo
Yoshiya
善哉
Yoshiya Reibo
吉野鈴慕
Yoshiya Reibo (Myoan Shinpo Ryu)
吉野鈴慕
Yoshiya Renbo
吉野鈴慕
Yugure no Kyoku
夕暮の曲
Z
Zangemon
Ô
Ôshû Sashi
奥州薩字

262 曲


国際尺八協会 - 2017