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Kyushu Reibo (Kinko Ryu)

九州鈴慕

This is a piece of genre Koten in the style of Takuhatsu from the Kinko Ryû - 琴古流 School.

History (John Singer):

In olden days, there used to be a saying, "Ichi Ji Ichi Ritsu" which means, "the original piece of a specific temple". These original pieces were performed in the practice of Takuhatsu (begging). Many Takuhatsu pieces have the suffix Reibo after them and names were used before "Reibo" to mean the original piece of a specific temple. In this case Kyushu Reibo is the original piece of Iccho Ken Temple located in Hakata, Kyushu. There are many possible explanations why the term "Reibo" is used here but it is uncertain which is the correct one. However, when the Chinese characters for "Reibo" are looked at, they can probably be understood to mean "to yearn after the bell" which was rang by the Fuke Zen monks. According to a Rinzai Zen notebook, there is a legend where in the city a Zen monk chanted while ringing a bell. One day he had the towns-people put him into a coffin and nail it shut. The people could still hear his chanting and bell ringing. they then opened the coffin but the monk was nowhere to be found but the sound of the bell ringing in the air could still be heard and then it gradually faded away. It is probably true that Komuso in those days practiced Takuhatsu pieces like Kyushu Reibo recollecting this story.

Like the piece "Hachigaeshi", Kyushu Reibo begins with a high pitched melody and abruptly repeats two high pitched sounds. This first phrase is a special characteristic of this piece and it has some remnants of dynamic musical melodies of the Kyushu area. This special phrase is once again repeated in the second section. Thereafter, middle range sounds are performed and then the melody becomes high again and, like the first section, the same melody is repeated.

(Note: the term "Reibo" can also be understood to mean "Praying for the deceased", however, the character for "Rei" is different).

Kyushu Reibo (Kinko Ryu) appears on the following albums

AlbumShakuhachiKotoShamisen
Complete Collection of Honkyoku from the Kinko School - Vol 2 - Disc 2 Aoki Reibo II

Kinko Ryu Honkyoku - 6 Aoki Reibo II

Kinko Ryu Shakuhachi - Hogaku Vol 19 Aoki Reibo II

Kinko Ryu Shakuhachi Meikyoku Sen Aoki Reibo II

Shakuhachi Koten Honkyoku Shusei - 2 Aoki Reibo II

Shakuhachi no Shinzui-Shakuhachi Honkyoku - 02 Yamaguchi Goro

Zen Music - I Yamaguchi Goro

    The tune of the Reibo is transmitted in various styles by the Komuso temples in many districts of Japan. This tune is named after the district of Kyushu (the southernmost of the four major islands of Japan) where it has been played. Reibo is understood commonly as 'the yearning for the bell', by the Komuso may have possibly arranged a Shakuhachi folk tune into religious music. We may hereby interpret Reibo as meaning Rembo (longing).


The International Shakuhachi Society - 2017